[Powershell] How to Install/deploy SSRS (rdl files) using Powershell

Since Powershell v2.0 introduce the new cmdlet New-WebServiceProxy, it’s no longer needed to generate a class library to deploy/undeploy SSRS file (RDL), below are two powershell scripts Install-SSRSRDL and Uninstall-SSRSRDL that can beĀ useful when doing an automated deployment or silent installation of rdl files to Reporting Services.

Install SSRS RDL Script:


<#
.SYNOPSIS
	Installs an RDL file to SQL Reporting Server using Web Service

.DESCRIPTION
	Installs an RDL file to SQL Reporting Server using Web Service

.NOTES
	File Name: Install-SSRSRDL.ps1
	Author: Randy Aldrich Paulo
	Prerequisite: SSRS 2008, Powershell 2.0

.PARAMETER reportName
	Name of report wherein the rdl file will be save as in Report Server.
	If this is not specified it will get the name from the file (rdl) exluding the file extension.

.PARAMETER force
	If force is specified it will create the report folder if not existing
	and overwrites the report if existing.

.EXAMPLE
	Install-SSRSRDL -webServiceUrl "http://[ServerName]/ReportServer/ReportService2005.asmx?WSDL" -rdlFile "C:\Report.rdl" -force

.EXAMPLE
	Install-SSRSRDL "http://[ServerName]/ReportServer/ReportService2005.asmx?WSDL" "C:\Report.rdl" -force

.EXAMPLE
	Install-SSRSRDL "http://[ServerName]/ReportServer/ReportService2005.asmx?WSDL" "C:\Report.rdl" -force -reportName "MyReport"

.EXAMPLE
	Install-SSRSRDL "http://[ServerName]/ReportServer/ReportService2005.asmx?WSDL" "C:\Report.rdl" -force -reportFolder "Reports" -reportName "MyReport"

#>
function Install-SSRSRDL
(
	[Parameter(Position=0,Mandatory=$true)]
	[Alias("url")]
	[string]$webServiceUrl,

	[ValidateScript({Test-Path $_})]
	[Parameter(Position=1,Mandatory=$true)]
	[Alias("rdl")]
	[string]$rdlFile,

	[Parameter(Position=2)]
	[Alias("folder")]
	[string]$reportFolder="",

	[Parameter(Position=3)]
	[Alias("name")]
	[string]$reportName="",

	[switch]$force
)
{
	$ErrorActionPreference="Stop"

	#Create Proxy
	Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Creating Proxy, connecting to : $webServiceUrl"
	$ssrsProxy = New-WebServiceProxy -Uri $webServiceUrl -UseDefaultCredential
	$reportPath = "/"

	if($force)
	{
		#Check if folder is existing, create if not found
		try
		{
			$ssrsProxy.CreateFolder($reportFolder, $reportPath, $null)
			Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Created new folder: $reportFolder"
		}
		catch [System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException]
		{
			if ($_.Exception.Detail.InnerText -match "[^rsItemAlreadyExists400]")
			{
				Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Folder: $reportFolder already exists."
			}
			else
			{
				$msg = "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Error creating folder: $reportFolder. Msg: '{0}'" -f $_.Exception.Detail.InnerText
				Write-Error $msg
			}
		}

	}

	#Set reportname if blank, default will be the filename without extension
	if($reportName -eq "") { $reportName = [System.IO.Path]::GetFileNameWithoutExtension($rdlFile);}
	Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Report name set to: $reportName"

	try
	{
		#Get Report content in bytes
		Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Getting file content (byte) of : $rdlFile"
		$byteArray = gc $rdlFile -encoding byte
		$msg = "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Total length: {0}" -f $byteArray.Length
		Write-Host $msg

		$reportFolder = $reportPath + $reportFolder
		Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Uploading to: $reportFolder"

		#Call Proxy to upload report
		$warnings = $ssrsProxy.CreateReport($reportName,$reportFolder,$force,$byteArray,$null)
		if($warnings.Length -eq $null) { Write-Host "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Upload Success." }
		else { $warnings | % { Write-Warning "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Warning: $_" }}
	}
	catch [System.IO.IOException]
	{
		$msg = "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Error while reading rdl file : '{0}', Message: '{1}'" -f $rdlFile, $_.Exception.Message
		Write-Error msg
	}
	catch [System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException]
	{
		$msg = "[Install-SSRSRDL()] Error while uploading rdl file : '{0}', Message: '{1}'" -f $rdlFile, $_.Exception.Detail.InnerText
		Write-Error $msg
	}

}

Uninstall SSRS RDL Script:


<#
.SYNOPSIS
	Uninstalls an RDL file from SQL Reporting Server using Web Service

.DESCRIPTION
	Uninstalls an RDL file from SQL Reporting Server using Web Service

.NOTES
	File Name: Uninstall-SSRSRDL.ps1
	Author: Randy Aldrich Paulo
	Prerequisite: SSRS 2008, Powershell 2.0

.EXAMPLE
	Uninstall-SSRSRDL -webServiceUrl "http://[ServerName]/ReportServer/ReportService2005.asmx?WSDL" -path "MyReport"

.EXAMPLE
	Uninstall-SSRSRDL -webServiceUrl "http://[ServerName]/ReportServer/ReportService2005.asmx?WSDL" -path "Reports/Report1"

#>
function Uninstall-SSRSRDL
(
	[Parameter(Position=0,Mandatory=$true)]
	[Alias("url")]
	[string]$webServiceUrl,

	[Parameter(Position=1,Mandatory=$true)]
	[Alias("path")]
	[string]$reportPath
)

{
	#Create Proxy
	Write-Host "[Uninstall-SSRSRDL()] Creating Proxy, connecting to : $webServiceUrl"
	$ssrsProxy = New-WebServiceProxy -Uri $webServiceUrl -UseDefaultCredential

	#Set Report Folder
	if(!$reportPath.StartsWith("/")) { $reportPath = "/" + $reportPath }

	try
	{

		Write-Host "[Uninstall-SSRSRDL()] Deleting: $reportPath"
		#Call Proxy to upload report
		$ssrsProxy.DeleteItem($reportPath)
		Write-Host "[Uninstall-SSRSRDL()] Delete Success."
	}
	catch [System.Web.Services.Protocols.SoapException]
	{
		$msg = "[Uninstall-SSRSRDL()] Error while deleting report : '{0}', Message: '{1}'" -f $reportPath, $_.Exception.Detail.InnerText
		Write-Error $msg
	}

}

Install-SSRSRDL Powershell Script
Uninstall-SSRSRDL Powershell Script

For permission check this blog: https://randypaulo.wordpress.com/2012/02/22/powershell-set-user-permission-in-ssrs-item-sql-reporting-server-using-powershell/

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